1. Choose the best alternatives from the choices given below;

i) Olduvai gorge is famous for………………

A. Oral traditions

B. Archaological findings

C. Archival activities

D. Sedentary farming.

ii. The people who studies historical remains are called;

A. Biologists

B. Anthropologist

C. Archaeologist

D. Geologist

iii. Which of the following sources of history can illiterate people not benefit?

A. Museums

B. Historical sites

C. Written sources

D. Linguistics

iv. A century is a period of;

A. 10 years

B. 100 years

C. 1000years

D. 10000 years

V. Which of the following is not a way of determining dates

A. Family tree

B. Recalling events

C. Counting

D. Carbon 14 dating

vi. Which of the following is not a source of History?

A. Oral tradition

B. Google search

C. Archeology

D. Achieves

vii One disadvantages of linguistic as source of history is that

A. Information is from multiple source

B. One understands little about communities

C. Does not reveal links between people

D. Learning a language consume time and money.

viii. One advantage of written sources of history is that;

A. Give right information always

B. Record details of important people only

C. One can easily get valuable and rare information

D. It is limited to few people in society.

ix Which is not a measure of time in history?

A. Decade

B. Century

C. Millenium

D. Month

x. A period of one thousand years is called?

A. Life span

B. Decade

C. Millenium

D. Century

2. Write T for the true statement and F for false statement.

a) Recalling events is always reliable in history because the person cannot forget________

b) Carbon 14 dating can determine year age__________

c) The 21st Century is counted from 2000 to 2099__________

d) In a chronology of key events in Tanzania, the years of recent events should appear at the top of time chart______________

e) The study of human remains is called Anthropology__________

f) Bias is one sided opinion about something____________

g) Oral evidence is gathering the information using newspapers___________

3. Match the items in List B with that in List A.
  1. A decade
  2. Pope Gregory XII
  3. Fossils 50,000 to 70,000 years old
  4. Anno Domino
  5. Elnino
  6. A millennium
  7. Time line
  8. After Domino
  9. Fossils 20,000 to 40,000 years old
  10. Elizabethan Calendar.
A: A period of 1000 year ______

B: Year divided in 365 days or 366 in a leap year

C: Year after birth of Christ_____

D: Carbon 14 dating__________

E: Recalling events to determine dates_______

4. (a) What is Oral tradition?

(b) Write four advantages of Oral traditions

5. (a) Write three disadvantages of archival information as a source of history.

(b) Write down two disadvantages of historical sites as source of history.

6. Explain four different types of evidence of history.

7. Briefly explain three functions of archives as a source of history

8. Discuss the main four ways of determining dates used by historians.


1. Choose the best alternatives from the choices given below;

(i) Who advocated the theory of human evolution?

A. Dr. Leakey

B. Early man

C. Olduvai Gorge

D. Charles Darwin.

(ii) In creation theory, human being is considered as

A. Creation like other animals

B. Primates

C. Homo habilies

D. God’s creation

(iii) In his archeological work which led to discovery of skull of the first man. Dr Leakey was assisted by:

A. Charles Darwin

B. Zinjathropus

C. Earlier man

D. Marry Leakey

(iv) Which of the theory of origin of life below is not scientific?

A. Creation theory

B. Organic evolution theory

C. Big bang theory

D. Comorian theory.

(v) Microliths are:

A. Sharper smaller and lighter stone tools of late stone age period

B. Small iron age tool found at Olduvai

C. Tiny stone age tools of middle stone age

D. Stone tools found in Engaruka

(vi)  The evidence of middle stone tools is found in parts of:

A. East Africa rift valley

B. Ukerewe Islands

C. Isimila

D. None of above

(vii) With fire man could?

A. Cultivate desert areas

B. Run faster than before

C. Roast his food and live in colder areas

D. Burn all forest and make desert

(viii)  Which of the following was called able man?

A. Home Habilis

B. Homo Erectus

C. Primate

D. Zunjathropus

(ix) Which is not a feature of primates?

A. Hairly body

B. Bipedalism

C. Quadrapedalism

D. Lived in forests.

(x) Which is not a characteristic of Homo sapiens?

A. Large brain capacity

B. Less thick jaws and jaw muscles

C. Highly skillful and manipulative of environment

D. Worked using four Limbs.

2. Match the item in LIST A with their correct response from LIST B. Write down letter of correct response in space provided.
A: Father of evolution of man

B: Modern man

C: Walked on four limbs

D: Could make tools and had large brain capacity

E: The earliest man who could stand upright.


  1. Homo erectus
  2. God
  3. Primate
  4. Homo Habilis
  5. Homo sapiens
  6. Charles Darwin
  7. Zunjathropus
  8. Clever creatures


3. Write T for true statement and F for false statement.

i. Stones were first weapons to be used by man

ii. During earlier stone age man resembled apes

iii. Human being in earlier Stone Age lived in permanent settlement.

iv. Man had greater mastery of the environment during late stone age

v. One of sites of earlier Stone Age tools found in central African is Olorgesaile.

vi.  The body of Homo habilis was more hairly than that of Homo erectus.

vii.   The theory of creation and that of evolution of man are sometimes similar.

viii.  It was better for man to use stone tools than iron tools

ix.  Art and cultural diversity emerged before 100,000 years ago

x.  During the Iron Age people did not have permanent shelter.


4. (a) Mention (4) four human characteristics that made man different from the other Primates.

(b) Fill the spaces below

  1. Human beings during earlier stone age lived in_________
  2. Two main activities of man during earlier stone age was_______ and __________
  3.   Hand axes which were used by early man have been found in _____________ and _________

5 (a) Name four uses of tools by man in Old Stone Age period.

(b) Mention three ways used by early man to get food.

6. Show the different between tools used by man during the middle stone age and those of old stone age.

7. (a) Explain how fire was discovered

(b) Explain the contribution of fire to man

8. Mention the difference between the following

a)  Stone Age

b)  Iron Age.


1. Choose the best alternatives from the choices given below;

(i) Chief engineering of East African slave trade on the East African Coast was:

A. Tippu Tip

B. Nyamwezi

C. Seyyid Said

D. Oman Arabs

(ii) The most famous African Traders in Trans – continental trade who were based on Coast at Angola were?

A. The Nyamwezi

B. Imbangala and Vimbundu

C. Mwanamutapa traders

D. Msiri and Nyunguyamawe.

(iii) The leaders of Ghana, Mali and Songhai obtained horses and guns from

A. North Africa

B. Europe

C. Arabia

D. The Southern Coast

(iv) One of the famous salt mining – places for the Trans – Saharan trade was:

A. Janne

B. Gao

C. Taghaza

D. Southern

(v) Audaghost was a trading town in the ……. Route of the Trans – Saharan trade.

A. Western

B. Central

C. Eastern

D. Southern

(vi)  Sundiata was the founder of:

A. The Trans – Saharan Trade

B. Mali Empire

C. Songhai Empire

D. Ashanti Empire

(vii) The Berbers wee famous traders in the_______

A. Inter – continental trade

B. Trans – Saharan trade

C. The long – distance trade in East Africa.

D. The West African slave trade.

(viii)  Walata was a trading town found in:

A. West Africa

B. Central Africa

C. East Africa

D. North Africa.

(ix) Among the advantages of internal trade was

A. People in the community got goods

B. Increased income for the people

C. Stimulated the production of trade goods

D. All of the above

(x) Trade developed in African societies mainly because_____

A. There was surplus production

B. There was good leadership

C. The presence of trade routes

D. There was a need for it.

3. Write T for true and F for false against each of the statements below.

a). Mulattoes were another name for Europeans who settled in West Africa________

b) University of Timbuktu was a product of the spread of Islam to Western Sudan_________

c) Mansa Musa of Mali was a famous ruler who made a pilgrimage to Mecca__________

d) The major beasts of burden used by traders across the Sahara were horses_________

e) The gold used in the central African Trans – continental trade was mined at Katanga_________

f) Msiri was a ruler in the Congo during the slave trade period_______

g) The caravan slave trade in East Africa was financed by Indian Banyans who lived in Zanzibar______

h) The long distance trade was slow moving due to Africa’s level or productive forces________

i)  The absence of middlemen was an important feature of local trade in East Africa_____

j)   The Kissi of Southern Tanganyika was famous basket makers____

4. Define the following words:

a) Technology

b) Development

c) Agriculture

d) Environment

5. List two types of Agricultural practices that were carried out by East Africans societies. Mention any two.

6. Mention any four advantages of Agriculture in these societies in question 5.

7. What factors contributed to the rise of Trans – Saharan Trade?

8. Which goods were most needed and traded during Trans – Saharan Trade? Mention any five goods.

9. What were the important uses of Iron? Give any two.

10. Basing on your knowledge on the African pre- colonial trade, write down two reasons why you think trade is important in our society.


1. Choose the best alternatives from the choices given below;

(i) Social organization in which clan inheritance was based on father and all children belonged to father was known as;

A. Patrilineal societies

B. Family

C. Matrilineal

D. Kingship

(ii) The name give to masai home stead was;

A. Moran

B. Manyalta

C. Ndemi

D. Oloiboni

(iii) Ntemiship system was practiced by

A. Sukuma

B. Nyamwezi

C. Gogo

D. All of the above

(iv) The following factors led to state formation except;

A. Trade

B. Colonization

C. Good climate fertile soil

D. Migration

(v) One characteristic of centralized system was

A. Clan controlled by Comal of Elders.

B. Clan paid tribute to monarchy

C. Small in term of population and geographical distribution.

D. Political autonomous villages.

(vi)  The following are factors that led to emergence of Ghana Kingdom except.

A. Specialization of labour

B. Introduction of camel as means of transport

C. Prosperity of Trans – Saharan Trade.

D. Introduction of Iron Technology.

(vii) The Kimbu Empire was found in which country?

A. Tanzania

B. Ghana

C. Mozambique

D. Mali

(viii)  The factors which led to grown a Buganda Kingdom were:

A. Geographical location

C. Centralized power

D. Taxation

E. All of the above.

(ix) One feature of Decentralized system is?

A. Presence of clan controlled by Kings of Queen.

B. Clans pay tribute to monarchy

C. Centralized system which solved social disputes.

D. All of the above.

(x) Which of the following practiced matrilineal clan organization?

A. Chagga

B. Embu

C. Kamba

D. Pare

2. Match the item in LIST A with their correct response from LIST B by writing the letter of correct response in space provided after each item in List A
A. Permanent settled agricultural communities

B. Small in items of population and geographical area.

C. Achar University

D. Land of Gold

E. Sundiata Keita

  1. Feature of communal societies
  2. Mali Empire
  3. Egypt
  4. Ghana Empire
  5. State Organization
  6. Timbuktu and Sankore
  7. Decentralized states
  8. Songhai Kingdom.

3. Fill blanks below;

a) In order for state organization to come into existence the society had to be able to produce___

b) Under centralized system, clans had to pay tribute to ______

c) The ancient Kingdom of Ghana existed between __________ and _________ centuries.

d) A Mali leader who went to pilgrimage to Mecca was________

e)  The fall of Songhai was greatly caused by the_________


4. Briefly explain the political organization of:

a) Centralized states

b) Decentralized states.

5. Discuss factors which led to collapse of Ghana Empire

6. Describe fire factors that gave rise to centralized states in Africa.

7. Explain six factor that led to growth of Buganda Kingdom.

8. Why was Ghana Kingdom able to stay powerful for a period of time?

9. Describe the characteristics of centralized political system.





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